Batteries do much more than just power electric vehicles (EVs) – they also help determine their performance, service life, charging speed and costs. That is, however, only part of a battery’s much longer journey along the value chain, which starts with the extraction of raw materials and extends into the second phase of each battery’s life as stationary energy storage or recycling sources.
The production of a rechargeable battery – from mine to electric vehicle – poses significant social and environmental risks. These range from mineral extraction (child labor, unsafe working conditions, indigenous rights), to production processes (C02 footprint, water use, biodiversity loss, pollution) and significantly impact the overall sustainability of the end product.
The Battery Passport is a digital representation of a battery that conveys information about all applicable ESG and lifecycle requirements based on a comprehensive definition of a sustainable battery. Each Battery Passport will be a digital twin of its physical battery enabled by the digital Battery Passport platform, which offers a global solution for securely sharing information and data. This platform aims to go beyond enabling the performance management of just one battery to that of all batteries across the full industry value chain.
The Battery Passport’s role in underpinning a responsible battery value chain has been endorsed during global policy discussions, including in the 2021 G7 Leaders’ Meeting, the draft EU Directive on Batteries and by the Canadian and US administrations.
Once in place, the Battery Passport program will consist of:
- A global reporting framework to govern rules around measurement, auditing, and reporting of ESG parameters across the battery value chain.
- A digital ID for batteries containing data and descriptions about the ESG performance, manufacturing history and provenance as well as advancing battery life extension and enabling recycling.
- Harmonizing of digital systems collaborating across the value chain to report data into the battery passport.
- A digital platform that will collect, exchange, collate and report data among all authorized lifecycle stakeholders to advance a sustainable value chain for electric vehicle (EV) and stationary batteries. It will transparently report progress toward global goals along the battery value chain to inform policy-making for governments, the civil society and develop performance benchmarks.
- A quality seal for batteries (based on the data reported into the platform) to facilitate responsible purchasing by consumers.
The Battery Passport will enable the following outcomes:
- Provide transparency in practices and impact of the battery along the value chain to all relevant stakeholders in the battery value chain
- Create a framework for benchmarking batteries along criteria by identifying those that are best and worst in class and providing minimum acceptable standards for a sustainable and responsible battery
- Validate and track progress on the pathway to sustainable, responsible and resource-efficient batteries.
The Battery Passport Action Partnership is managed operationally by a Project Management Office. Strategic decision-making is guided by a Steering Committee made up of GBA members representing a balance of industry, civil society, governments, and academia.
- Tristan Mecham, Tesla
- Simon Thibauld, Investissement Quebec
- Yuichi Aoyama, Honda
- Gillian Davidson, ERG
- Patrick de Metz, Saft
- Jonathan Eckart, WEF
- Wouter Ghyoot, Umicore
- Georgina Hallett, LME
- Jean-Philippe Hermine, Renault
- Changuk Kim / Dongyoung Oh, SKI
- Thorsten Pinkepank, BASF
- Julia Poliscanova, T&E
- Josef Schoen, Audi
- Ilse Schoeters, Glencore
- Uwe Seidel, VDI\VDE-IT
- Kim Stirling / Anna Kamp, NRCan
- Paul Taylor, Johnson Matthey
- Ji Seung Yoo, LG Chem
Project Management Office:
- Project lead: Torsten Freund, BASF
- Alex Sorokin, Eurasian Resources Group
- Marco Evertz, VDI/VDE-IT
- Roman Korzynietz VDI/VDE-IT
- Nikolas Oehl-Schalla, VDI/VDE-IT
- Patrick de Metz, Saft
- Maximillian Gebhardt, McKinsey
- Johannes Drielsma, Drielsma Resources Europe
- Estelle Levin, Levin Sources
- Lauren Roman, Everledger
- Sabine Wichmann, SAP
- Ton van der Greef, SAP
Global Battery Alliance Battery Passport 2021 Overview
Giving an identity to the EV’s most important component